What is the Psychodynamic Theory?
Psychodynamic Theory has been developed on the premise that understanding the speaker’s issues, feelings, behaviours and life situation is dependent on gaining a deeper insight to early life influences as a way to increase self-knowledge. As the oldest of the theories, the approach is to delve into the speaker’s past to find the causes of their own values, beliefs, thoughts, feelings and behaviours.
The highly analytical nature of this theory implies that work with the speaker is long-term and can extend over a number of years, possibly with several sessions each week. While the therapists lead and guide the sessions, they are mostly silent, with the speaker doing most of the talking.
The theory considers the workings and inter-connections between different mind states of the pre-conscious, conscious and ego as per the teachings of Freud in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Freud contended that the Id ( a deep instinctive drive) works with the Ego (part of the Id which has been internalised from reaction to external influences) and the Super Ego (our own internal conscious “policeman”) to drive our feelings and behaviours. Together with the concept of conscious, preconscious and unconscious mind states, Psychodynamic theory aims to increase an individual’s level of self-awareness by making the unconscious become conscious.
Since Freud, the theory has been further developed to enrich and build on some of the basic Freudian principles. Psychodynamic theory, in overall terms is interested in exploring the dynamics between the individual and others and the dynamics within the individual’s own psyche…